Welcome to
22iowa.com


A resource and meeting-place 
for those interested in the
2
2nd Iowa Volunteer Infantry 
(1862-1865)

and the men who served in it so well.  



The Assault of the 22nd Iowa on the Vicksburg Defenses, 22 May 1863
      (Todd Pederson Collection)

22iowa.com - The Online Home of the 22nd Iowa Infantry


           ---Updated 17 August 2014--- 

The new regimental study
of the 22nd Iowa
has been released!




In this excellent new history, Vermont resident and author Thomas McKenna -- a relative of Pvt. George Mason Goforth of Company "H" -- details the organization, travels and battles of the 22nd.  

It is a valuable addition to the rich body of work on the this regiment, and we at 22iowa.com are pleased 
to help announce its release.

You can order it directly from the publisher in Iowa City,


*********************************************************************

Michael Sturgeon has sent us these images relating to his relative, Private John Thomas Whittington of Company "H".

John, from Johnson County, was 21 when he enlisted in August 1862. He was killed in action near Port Gibson, Mississippi on May 1, 1863 -- one of the regiment's first battle deaths. He possibly rests today under an "Unknown" marker at Vicksburg National Cemetery.








**********************************************


[Past Updates]


June 15, 2014:

The Shenandoah Valley Battlefield Foundation has announced plans for the sesquicentennial commemoration of the

Battle of Third Winchester --
where the 22nd Iowa saw some
very hard work.

The events of 19 & 20 September 2014 include a gathering for descendants of men who fought in the battle!

Find out more and make your reservation at the SVBF website.


********************************
Descendant Kent Metcalf has provided these images of items that belonged to his great-great-grandfather, Pvt. Joseph Work of Company B.  

Private Work, a Pennsylvania native, enlisted from North Liberty and served for the entire term of the regiment.
He died in 1924.







********************************
New 22nd Iowa history  
is nearing publication!


Our friend Tom McKenna of Vermont is in the final stages of the publication process for his new regimental history of the 22nd

We'll let you know when it is available.



September 26, 2013:

Third Winchester Reunion
 September 2014!


The Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation (SVBF) has announced plans to host relatives of men who fought at the Battle of Third Winchester -- 19 September 1864 -- at a special reception during the battle commemoration taking place on 19 and 20 September 2014.  It's still in the planning stages, but the SVBF's Janice Hannah says,

"We hope to dedicate time for a mixer/reception during the commemoration so descendants have an opportunity to speak to their affiliations and share personal stories."

  
22iowa.com will bring you more details as they become available.

For more on the SVBF's efforts at Winchester, see:

SVBF -- Third Battle of Winchester


*****************************************

Below are photos from the
Re-Dedication of the Iowa Monument at the Vicksburg National Military Park, on 25 May 2013.  

The monument sits at the point where the 22nd camped from May 18 to the surrender, and is the point from which it made the fateful assault of
22 May 1863.  

Also below are images from the battlefields of Champion Hill and Big Black River Bridge, where the 22nd was engaged in the days leading up to the siege.



A choir of Vicksburg schoolchildren sings the National Anthem.


The Fourty-Ninth Iowa Veteran Volunteer Infantry, "The Governor's Own Iowa Rifles", provide a Union Blue backdrop.


Iowa Gov. Terry Branstad (speaking) joined former Mississippi Gov. Haley
Barbour (third from left) at the event.


Branstad and Barbour jointly place an "IOWA" wreath at the event's conclusion.


The 22nd Iowa's brigade commander, Brig. Gen. Michael Lawler of Illinois, near the Iowa monument.  He was one of Gen. Grant's favorite fighting commanders.


Sid Champion (right) explains to a delegation of Iowa visitors what happened at Champion Hill on 16 May 1863 -- a battle fought on what is still his family's land. 



The crest of Champion Hill, where the 22nd got engaged late on 16 May and helped mop up Confederate resistance. 



At Big Black on 17 May, the 22nd helped lead one of the most
decisive charges of the War. 



This is the farmland over which the 22nd charged against
Rebel defenders on the Big Black.



This modern railroad bridge is just yards from the remnants of the span over the Big Black, that was burned by Confederates fleeing the 22nd and other units.

***************************


17 May 2013
Vicksburg!


From April 30 to July 4, 1863, the Army of the Tennessee -- commanded by Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and including 30 military units from the State of Iowa -- engaged in one of the most brilliantly successful campaigns in American military history.

The service and sacrifice of the 22nd Iowa, and all of the other Iowa units which served in the Vicksburg Campaign, are to be honored on Saturday, May 25.  

The Governors of Iowa and Mississippi will join other special guests on the battlefield for the re-dedication of the Iowa Monument, which follows a year-long restoration of the 107-year-old landmark.  







For more information, see the "Governor's Own Iowa Rifles" - Co. A, 49th Iowa website.



and speaking of Vicksburg...



The land east of the city on which the 22nd Iowa first made camp, and from which it began it's participation in the fateful assault on May 22, 1863, is threatened by development.  

However...we have a chance to save it, thanks to a preservation campaign started by the
Civil War Trust.  Click this link to learn more:

I want to help!

***************************************
New Regimental history planned

Tom McKenna of Stowe, Vermont, a 22nd Iowa descendant and longtime student of the regiment, is hard at work on a new history of the 22nd!  He's gathering as much original material as he can from archival sources, and from descendants who may have family or other records.

If you have material that you think would be useful for this project, Tom would love to hear from you!  Please contact him at:

 tpmckenna@stoweaccess.com

We'll update the progress of the project for you here on 22iowa.com.

**********************************************

Descendants of 22nd Iowa soldiers
make themselves known!


We've been hearing from a steady stream of regimental descendants at 22iowa.com.  Among them:

Cort Walker of Spanish Fort, Utah is the proud relative of Sgt. John Loader of Company G.



Loader was a Mormon convert immigrant from England, who after a rough voyage stayed in Iowa rather than keep moving on to Utah.  After his service, he eventually did go there, where he died in 1876.

Cindy Marchand-Cecil is a descendant of Cpl. Joshua Hughes of Company A, who after the War became a minister in Washington State. Cindy and her family have Hughes' war journal, and his original discharge papers.



Let us know about your relatives
and their stories!

******************************************

15 November 2012

Below is some exciting news from 2012 about the second of the 22nd's two commanding officers, Colonel Harvey Graham of Johnson County.  Like many men who served in the 22nd, Graham had already seen action in the War as a member of the 1st Iowa Infantry, a three-months regiment that fought bravely at the battle of Wilson's Creek, Missouri in
August 1861.


The following is from the website of the "Governor's Own Iowa Rifles - Co. A, 49th IA Veteran Volunteer Infantry", and is re-published here with that group's permission.
 
1/Lt. Harvey Graham, Company “B”, First IowaInfantry






Some days are just better than others. Today was one of them.

After a week-long absence from work at the Iowa Historical Museum’s Battle Flags Project, I was anxious to get back and see how things were progressing toward the opening of the upcoming Civil War exhibit; and to finish up on the project flag of the 21st Iowa that we are preparing for its return to the Nelson Pioneer Farm Museum later in the month.

When I entered the office space for the conservation lab I was amazed at the increased numbers of artifacts that were there occupying almost every available space awaiting documentation and some minor cosmetic adjustments before going up to the display galleries once they are ready (probably within the next week, or so..).

Among these artifacts was a magnificently preserved (almost butternut colored) junior officer’s, single breasted frock with some trim at the cuffs and collars that made my heart skip a beat. Like a moth to a flame I swooped in to see the Federal shielded eagle buttons with the Infantry “I” displayed on the shield, and my mind immediately began to turn over the very few extant images that I have seen of the uniforms of the fabled “Governor’s Greys” of the First Iowa Volunteer infantry. The most recent, I believe, was the image that graced the front cover of the quarterly publication of the Company of Military Historians about a year ago.



Archive Photo

Close examination convinced me that the now dusky tan color of the wool was once grayer than it is now, and the piping on the collar (that now looks decidedly brown) was once a much darker black but the ravages of light and years have definitely changed both to their present state.



When Sheila produced the associated documentation for the coat and told me that it belonged to someone named Harvey Graham, I knew what we had.

Jack Lufkin, another Conservator at the museum, also told us that there was a document of some sort on an adjacent table that had the same name (Harvey Graham) on it. He had just seen it when going through papers in the last few days looking for things to put up for the exhibit. I immediately asked to see it.

The document he referred to turned out to be the original commissioning document for 1st Lieutenant Harvey Graham, Company “B” First Iowa Volunteer Infantry, signed by both Governor Samuel Kirkwood and Adjutant General J. (Jesse) Bowen, at Des Moines on May 9th, 1861. The document was also intriguing in that it referred to the First Iowa using the term “militia” and; in fact, Governor Kirkwood is identified on this document at being the “Commander of Militia” in addition to being Governor of the State. Another myth (that Iowa had no “militia” before the war) bites the dust!





This document, executed less than one-month following the firing on Fort Sumter that began the American Civil War, clearly shows that the people living at that time believed that Iowa did, indeed, have a militia, and here was the document that proved it.

Also amazing was that this frock coat had survived in the sort of condition that it is in. Most of the clothing that the First Iowa reported for Federal service in was in tatters by the time that the regiment received it’s baptism by fire at the Battle of Wilson’s Creek on August 10th, 1861, and many of their “parade ground uniforms” had been traded in for buckskins and whatever else they could find that more or less fit them. This uniform and its associated commissioning papers for 1/Lt. Graham will become an integral part of the exhibit that is taking shape and that this Regiment will play a continuing role in presenting to the public over the course of the coming months.

1/Lt. Graham himself would be wounded slightly at Wilson’s Creek and was mustered out of service along with the rest of his regiment in late August of 1861 at St Louis, MO. Graham, and the vast majority of his fellows, would join other longer-term regiments (the First Iowa was a “90-day” regiment that everyone believed would end the rebellion in short order) when he immediately enlisted into the 22nd Iowawhere he served for the rest of the war. His service would include a relatively brief imprisonment after being captured at Vicksburg in May of 1863, and paroled; and, he would rise to the rank of full Colonel by May of 1864, and then be brevetted a Brigadier in July of 1865.

Harvey Graham (born in Darlington Pennsylvania in February, 1828) would pass to his celestial reward at Chicago, Illinois, on January 16th, 1921.

Roster and Record of Iowa Soldiers in the War of the Rebellion: Historical Data Systems, Inc. and Civil War Database.


Respectfully submitted,
David M. Lamb
Volunteer Conservator, Iowa Battle Flags Project


**********************************************

June 4, 2012

Below is the waist sash worn by Sgt. (later Lt.) Nicholas Messenger of the 22nd Iowa during the Vicksburg Campaign of 1863.  There he acted as a messenger for staff officers, and was wounded in the assault of May 22nd.  The sash was donated to the SHSI in 1920 by Messenger's daughter, Edyth.

Photos: David Jackson




Messenger's record of bravery and sacrifice has recently been noted in various publications, including this article from the English Valleys Star:

http://www.hinkletown.com/evstarjune12011.pdf

***************************************

If you're on Facebook...

The "Iowa in the Civil War" page has news, announcements, and discussion about Iowa regiments, soldiers, and the homefront.

*************************************

Find A Grave List for the 22nd Iowa!

All of the listings on the Find A Grave website for soldiers of the 22nd Iowa have been gathered into one "virtual cemetery."  It's a great resource!  Check it out at:

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=vcsr&GSvcid=183197

***************************************


Shown here is the first of two national flags carried by the 22nd Iowa.  It is one of the many battleflags in the state's collection that have been undergoing conservation and restoration at the State Historical Society of Iowa in Des Moines.   Left to right are researcher Neal Evans; program manager Sheila Hanke; researcher Terry Folkert; conservation assistant Sarah Carlson; Jeffry Burden; and Marshall County, Iowa Recorder Kathleen Baker.  Photo taken in Des Moines, 8 October 2009 by David Jackson. 
  
*****************************************

Read the original history of Iowa's
Fighting 22nd:

Vanishing Footprints:
The Twenty-Second Iowa Volunteer Infantry
in the Civil War


 

 

          "[Pryce] was a gem of a writer...and a colorful narrator.... This skillfully-edited history makes an important contribution to Civil War literature."
       
 -A. Wilson Greene, Executive Director, Pamplin Historical Park & the National Museum of the Civil War Soldier; Author, Civil War Petersburg: Confederate City in the Crucible of War        

Never before available, Vanishing Footprints by Capt. Samuel D. Pryce is a comprehensive history of the 22nd Iowa as written by the regimental adjutant.   The 22nd served in all three major theaters of the War, and was blooded in some of the War's most desperate combat, including at Vicksburg, Third Winchester, and Cedar Creek.  Edited and annotated by researcher and writer Jeffry Burden, Vanishing Footprints introduces Pryce as a  compelling voice about the War and about the 22nd's distinguished history. 

Pryce's narrative goes beyond battle experiences.  It includes the games the men played, the food they ate (often unwillingly), and the perilous sea journeys they were forced to endure, and more.  This work, now published more than a hundred years after Pryce wrote it, reveals the full experience of soldiering in the Civil War. 

Among units whose service forms part of the story of Vanishing Footprints are the:

 1st, 21st, 23rd, 24th and 28th Iowa
11th Wisconsin / 131st and 159th New York
13th Connecticut / 11th Indiana 
77th Illinois /
3rd Massachusetts Cavalry
1st Iowa Battery /
16th Ohio Battery
30th Alabama / Waul's Texas Legion
and others.  

             
"The Twenty-second Iowa's...experience and [Pryce's] development into a first-class officer gives readers access to and insights into...the War.  The wealth of photos, maps and illustrations bring their far-ranging expeditions to life."
    
-Edward L. Ayers, President, University of Richmond; Author, In the Presence of Mine Enemies: The Civil War in the Heart of America, 1859-1863.


                "[B]eyond the witty commentary and                humorous anecdotes lies a critically observant account of the 22nd's battles and campaigns.... but the usefulness of Vanishing Footprints is broader than that.... Burden's very heavy, yet ultimately respectful, excising and editing is a finely managed achievement in publication.... Well done all around."  
           -Drew Wagenhoffer, Publisher, "Civil War Books and Authors"  (http://cwba.blogspot.com/)

              

About the Author

Born into the Welsh community of coal-mining Pennsylvania, Samuel D. Pryce (1841-1923) came to Iowa City in 1861 to teach and to enter the University of Iowa.  In August 1862, he volunteered for duty in the 22nd Iowa.  He left a non-combatants' job as regimental clerk to take up a rifle and fight.  Promoted through the ranks to regimental adjutant, with the rank of Captain, he also served as a brigade Adjutant-General at the end of the War.

After leaving the service, he built a successful career in Chicago and Iowa City as a newspaper publisher, entrepeneur, and businessman.  He was one of the State of Iowa's two delegates to the first national meeting of the Grand Army of the Republic, the leading Union veteran's organization.

He labored over Vanishing Footprints off-and-on for more than 20 years, until shortly before his death in Iowa City.
    He is buried in Oakland Cemetery, within a few feet of many of his wartime comrades.

About the Editor

The grave of Corporal Michael Yoakam (Co. K).  Arlington National Cemetery, February 2011.


Jeffry C. Burden is a California native now living and working in Richmond, Virginia.  Besides Vanishing Footprints, his writings have appeared in such periodicals as America's Civil War, Civil War Regiments, the Washington Times, and Style Weekly. 

Burden is a member of the Commonwealth of Virginia's Lincoln Bicentennial committee, and also of the advisory committee for the Virginia Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission.  He is serving a term as Commander-in-Chief of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States (MOLLUS), the oldest Civil War hereditary organization.  He is a frequent speaker to professional and historical groups.

Order securely on-line from Camp Pope Publishing: http://www.camppope.com/pryce.html

                       
Website Builder